The Ngorongoro Crater is surely the most impressive geological feature in Africa, a truly remarkable sunken caldera which is home to a wide range of ecosystems and virtually the whole range of safari wildlife. The Ngorongoro Crater, that was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1979, is the most known and visited zone of the entire Ngorongoro Conservation Area and is also the most scenic part with the highest concentration of animals throughout the African continent; it is also the only place in Tanzania where you can easily spot the Big 5.
It is actually a large non-flooded caldera that was formed some 3 million years ago following the collapse of a volcano, that is estimated to have been as high as 4,500-5,800 metres. The crater is 2,200 metres a.s.l. and measures 19 km in width, 16 km in length and 610 metres in depth, while the surface area of the bottom is 265 km2; the slopes are intact and are covered with a dense forest up to an altitude of 3,200 metres a.s.l.
The wildlife living in the crater itself is there all year, so from an animal viewing point of view, it’s good all year. Due to its size, the area may get crowded during peak tourist seasons which are the dry season from July to September and the baby season after the first rains between December and February. March and April are generally the wettest seasons and heavy rains can make some roads unpassable.
Activities in Ngorongoro Crater
- Walking safaris
- Trekking safari
- Visit Archaeological site
- Cultural tours
- Bush dinners
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